Bromo, or Mount Bromo (2329m) is one of the most active and accessible volcano in Indonesia (last eruption October 2016) and therefore one of the most visited and photogenic mountain in the country. It s part of the Tengger massif and belongs to the Tengger-Bromo-Semeru National Park and his name is derived from Javanese Bhama, the Hindu creator god. The volcano sits with four other volcanoes in the middle of a plain called the “Sea of Sand”, a protected natural reserve since 1919. The massif also contains the highest mountain in Java, Mount Semeru (3,676 m), four lakes and 50 rivers.
On the fourteenth day of the Hindu festival of Yadnya Kasada, the Tenggerese people of Probolinggo, East Java, travel up the mountain in order to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods by throwing them into the caldera of the volcano. The origin of the ritual lies in the 15th century legend. On the sand plain, locally called Segara Wedi (lit. sand ocean), sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten. The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scattered across the mountain villages, such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso. The temple organises the annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. The major difference between this temple and Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials. Pura Luhur Poten uses natural black stones from volcanoes nearby, while Balinese temples are mostly made from red bricks. Inside this pura, there are several buildings and enclosures aligned in a mandala zone
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